UTI in Pregnancy:

Urinary tract infections, or UTIs, are common, and ladies can often experience them during pregnancy. Left untreated, a UTI can pose a significant health risk to a pregnant woman and a developing fetus.

This article outlines the possible causes of a UTI in pregnancy, also because of the potential risks. We also provide information on the way to prevent and treat UTIs.

Is it common?

A UTI is an infection in any part of the urogenital system, including the bladder and kidneys. Research suggests it’s a standard Trusted Source for pregnant women to urge UTIs.

According to one study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 8%Trusted Source of pregnant women experiences a UTI.

Causes:

Share on Pinterest frequent got to urinate may be a common symptom of a UTI.

During pregnancy, the uterus expands for the growing fetus. This expansion puts pressure on the bladder and therefore the ureters. The ureters are the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

The urine is additionally less acidic and contains more proteins, sugars, and hormones during pregnancy. this mix of things increases the danger of a UTI occurring.

Women also are vulnerable to UTIs during and after parturition. During labor, there’s an increased risk of bacteria entering the tract. After parturition, a lady may experience bladder sensitivity and swelling, which may make a UTI more likely Trusted Source.

Symptoms:

A person who features a UTI may experience the subsequent symptoms:

• urgent or frequent got to urinate

• burning sensation when urinating

• cloudy or strong-smelling urine

• blood within the urine

• pain within the lower back, abdomen, and sides

People should tell their doctor immediately if they need blood in their urine, as this will be a symbol of another condition.

In some cases, the bacterial infection causing a UTI can spread to the kidneys. an individual who features a kidney infection may experience the subsequent symptoms:

Back pain

• Fever

• Chills

Nausea and vomiting

If people have these symptoms, they ought to see their doctor immediately. Kidney infections are often serious and need immediate medical treatment.

Treatments

Pregnant women should see their doctor if they need any symptoms of a UTI. Without treatment, a UTI can cause serious complications.

A 3-dayTrusted Source course of antibiotics could also be necessary to treat a UTI during pregnancy. A doctor may prescribe one among the subsequent trusted Source antibiotics:

Amoxicillin

Ampicillin

• Cephalosporins

Nitrofurantoin

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) advises that pregnant women avoid nitrofurantoin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole Trusted Source during the primary trimester. These antibiotics can cause birth abnormalities if an individual takes them at this stage of their pregnancy.

According to a 2015 review Trusted Source, studies show that both nitrofurantoin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole are generally safe during the second and third trimesters. However, taking either antibiotic within the final week Trusted Source before delivery may increase the danger of jaundice in newborns.

If pregnant women develop a kidney infection during pregnancy, they’re going to need treatment within the hospital. This treatment will involve antibiotics and intravenous fluids.

A short course of antibiotics is unlikely Trusted Source to cause any harm to a developing fetus. Research suggests that the advantages of taking antibiotics to treat a UTI far outweigh Trusted Source the risks of leaving a UTI without treatment.

Home Remedies

Women who are pregnant and have symptoms of a UTI should see a doctor. also, as medical treatment, they’ll also wish to undertake the subsequent reception to assist speed up recovery:

Drinking many glasses of water: Water dilutes urine and helps flush bacteria out of the tract.

Drinking cranberry juice: consistent with a 2012 review Trusted Source, cranberries contain compounds that will help to prevent bacteria from attaching to the liner of the tract. This action helps to stop and eliminate the infection.

Urinating when the urge arises: This helps bacteria pass out of the track more quickly.

Taking certain supplements: A 2016 study Trusted Source found that a mixture of vitamin C, cranberries, and probiotics may help to treat recurrent UTIs in women.

Some women may choose the above treatments as an alternative to antibiotics. However, they ought to always consult their doctor before doing so. A doctor will monitor a pregnancy regularly to see the effectiveness of natural treatments and ensure a UTI doesn’t worsen.

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